After years on the New York stage, Bogart got his break in film playing a gangster in The Petrified Forest (1936). Cast mostly as a thug, Bogart finally landed the role of private detective Sam Spade in The Maltese Falcon (1941). The following year, he starred in Casablanca, for which he received a Best Actor Oscar nomination.
His string of films with Lauren Bacall began with To Have and Have Not (1944), followed by The Big Sleep (1946), Dark Passage (1947) and Key Largo (1948). Bogart won his only Oscar for The African Queen (1951) and was nominated again in 1954 for The Caine Mutiny. He died of throat cancer a year after his final film, The Harder They Fall (1956).