Paul Scofield

A classically trained Shakespearean actor and intensely private Englishman who twice turned down honorary knighthoods, Paul Scofield was born in West Sussex, England, on Jan. 21, 1922, and began his life as a professional actor with the Croydon Repertory Theatre at the age of 17.

Although he was widely respected for his distinguished stage career (including originating the role of Salieri in Peter Shaffer's "Amadeus" in 1979), Scofield is best known for his portrayal of Sir Thomas More in A Man for All Seasons (1966), a role he originated in London's West End that went on to earn him the Best Actor Oscar and BAFTA award. He also received a Tony Award for debuting the part on Broadway in 1962.

Scofield netted another Oscar nod for Best Supporting Actor in 1994, portraying poet Mark Van Doren in Quiz Show, and won the Best Supporting Actor BAFTA for 1996's The Crucible. He died on March 19, 2008, at the age of 86.