Eric Rohmer

A founding father of French New Wave cinema who began his professional life as a journalist, critic and literature professor, Eric Rohmer (whose given name was Maurice Schérer) was born April 4, 1920, in Nancy, France.

Rohmer's peers included New Wave auteurs François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godard and Claude Chabrol. Among these, the reclusive writer-director was best known for his affinity for young, attractive leads and chatty scripts. His 1960s movie cycle "Six Moral Tales," along with his six "Comedies and Proverbs" in the 1980s and the "Tales of the Four Seasons" in the 1990s, are hallmarks of Rohmer's style.

My Night at Maud's (1969) earned Oscar nods for Best Foreign Language Film and Best Screenplay, and The Marquise of O (1976) won the Grand Jury Prize at Cannes. Rohmer received the Venice Film Festival's Golden Lion in 2001 for his contributions to the craft. He died Jan. 11, 2010.