Ingmar Bergman

One of the master artists of world cinema, Ingmar Bergman was born July 14, 1918, in Uppsala, Sweden, the son of the royal chaplain. His strict moral upbringing was a major influence on the melancholy films he would later direct.

Bergman first excelled in theater at the University of Stockholm; he then entered the film industry in the 1940s. His directing efforts for The Devil's Wanton (1949), Monika, Sawdust and Tinsel, and Smiles of a Summer Night (1955) gained notice from international critics; 1957's The Seventh Seal (starring Bergman regular Max von Sydow) was a breakthrough and Cannes award winner.

Bergman went on to win Oscars for The Virgin Spring (1960) and Through a Glass Darkly (1961) and nominations for Wild Strawberries, Cries and Whispers, Autumn Sonata and Fanny & Alexander. In 2003, he directed his last work, the TV movie Saraband, before his death on July 30, 2007.